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Swelling may also occur when a bruised tibia is present in the leg. Blood may essentially pool around the injury, leading to what is known as a hematoma. Severe hematomas can be extremely dangerous and should be examined by a doctor, though minor hematomas may produce little or no real risk. It is best to get the injury examined by a doctor if the injured person is unsure of the severity of the injury. In some cases, light massaging of the affected area can reduce pain, and first aid for the injury includes rest, ice, compression, and elevation, known as the RICE treatment.
If the pain is persistent or severe, a bone fracture may have occurred and medical attention will be necessary. This commonly occurs when the force from impact was severe. A fracture may be minor and only require immobilization and the RICE treatment, though more severe fractures can cause complications such as internal bleeding or nerve damage, and attention from a doctor will be necessary. The most severe instances of a fracture may require a surgery that repairs the bones with screws or plates.
When the bone marrow is injured, the blood supply within it is damaged, causing internal bleeding. This, in turn, can cause a buildup of pressure inside the bone, called bone marrow edema, which can cause pain and ultimately the death of the bone if bleeding and pressure are not resolved.
Typical areas for this injury type is in the knee and ankle because of the extreme pressure loads these joints endure on a regular basis.
Read more: http://www.livestrong.com/article/24790 ... z2QU3V3wzs
Wolff’s Law is the scientific theory that supports the idea of bone conditioning. Human bones are like hollow tubes. When a bone breaks, calcium fills in the break and makes the bone denser. It’s a lot like how you can make a muscle larger and denser from working out. When you work out your muscles, you create micro-tears in your muscle fibers and then the muscles get slightly bigger after they repair. So, when Muay Thai fighters condition their shins, they don’t completely break their shin bones, they just create micro-fractures that fill in and become denser.
Train Hard – Train Smart
Many Thai fighters start training between 8 and 12 years old, and begin competing professionally between ages 16 and 22. They will spend around 6 hours a day kicking heavy bags, pads, and other modern equipment. After years of this type of training they will have conditioned their shins like iron as would be expected from that type of dedication.
...and Stryke I see what you mean about quick recovery being the key in a real fight. Perhaps another way you can address the problem is to train the mind to remain calm in these situations so there isn't as much of an adrenaline dump?
Alive Bones Adapt
We can’t see our endoskeleton. Common visual aids are x-ray imaging and anatomical models. These belie the complex dynamic nature of living bone. From the outside in, it consists of hard cortical bone, spongy trabecular bone and bone marrow, which is a mixture of fat, blood and lymph. Moreover, blood vessels interpenetrate all of these layers to transport raw and waste materials.
Stress to bone triggers a physiological response to create it. This mechanism is mediated by two kinds of cells. Osteoblasts buildup and osteoclasts breakdown bone.
When your bones undergo a minimal essential strain (MES), new tissue generation initiates. MES is 10% of the force that fractures bone. Most daily activities, and soft slow styles of Self-Defense training, do not exceed this.
In other words, to engender bone growth, you must surpass the MES threshold. When your bone encounters tensile, compressive or torsional force — osteoblasts mobilize towards its surface (periosteum). Once there, they lay down proteins, especially collagen, to reinforce your bone matrix. Eventually mineralization (into calcium phosphate crystals) occurs, resulting in thicker and denser bone.
I wish I had played more soccer when I was growing up for several reasons including the kicking power that it seems to build.
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